Percorrer por autor "Silva, Maria Inês"
A mostrar 1 - 3 de 3
Resultados por página
Opções de ordenação
- ItemDifferences in Eating Habits/Behaviours and Eating Disorders Symptoms in Adolescents from a Rural and a Urban School(European Psychiatric Association, 2013) Santos, José; Marques, Mariana; Carvalho, Cláudia; Silva, Maria Inês; Conceição, Liliana; Espirito-Santo, Helena; Simões, SóniaIntroduction: Differences in eating habits/behaviours and eating disorders (ED) symptoms in adolescents from rural and urban schools has not been very considered, particularly in Portugal. Objectives: explore differences between students who attend rural and urban schools in eating habits/behaviors and ED symptoms; verify if there are differences regarding Body Mass Index (BMI) by school area. Methods: 282 adolescents students (mean age = 14,5; SD = 1,69; variation = 12-18 years old; urban subsample = 126, 44,7%), studying in two schools, one from an urban area and another from a rural area answered sociodemographic questions, eating habits/behaviours items and EAT-25 (Eating Attitudes Test-25). Results: Most of the adolescents from both schools have breakfast and drink milk daily. Moreover, they eat vegetables and fruits daily or weekly and only rarely fast-food. Adolescents that practice a sport eat more fruits/vegetables. Adolescents attending a rural school ingest more vegetables and less fast-food. ED symptoms (EAT-25) present a lower prevalence, comparing to a young adults sample. There were no significant differences in all the EAT-25 dimensions, EAT total score and BMI by school area. Conclusions: Eating habits/behaviours seem to be positive in both schools (e.g. most adolescents have breakfast daily). There were only some small differences between the two schools in particular eating habits but adolescents from the two areas do not seem to differ in ED symptoms and BMI, which is not in accordance with the literature that tends to signal urban areas as a “risk factor” for dysfunctional eating behaviors.
- ItemFamily Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale – Version IV (FACES IV): Validation Study in the Portuguese Population(Springer, 2021-03-25) Sequeira, Joana; Vicente, Henrique Testa; Daniel, Fernanda; Cerveira, Cátia; Silva, Maria Inês; Neves, Sónia; Espirito-Santo, Helena; Guadalupe, SóniaThe present study addresses the psychometric properties of the Portuguese translation and adaptation of the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale – version IV (FACES IV). The sample included 1083 individuals from 387 nuclear families, with an average age of 36 years. Besides its sociodemographic heterogeneity, the sample also included participants in various family life cycle stages and belonging to different family subsystems. We found overall good to moderate psychometric properties, namely adequate internal consistency, convergent validity, and discriminant ability. However, rigid and enmeshed scales presented weaker results. Normative expectations and cultural bias are discussed. FACES IV appears to be a valid and reliable measure of family dynamics, suitable for research and clinical purposes within the Portuguese context. However, further studies need to be carried out regarding the instruments’ properties in tapping extremely high cohesion (enmeshment) and low flexibility (rigidity) levels.
- ItemParental Rearing Styles, Eating Habits/behaviours and Eating Disorders Symptoms, in a Sample of Adolescents(European Psychiatric Association, 2013) Carvalho, Cláudia; Marques, Mariana; Silva, Maria Inês; Santos, José; Conceição, Liliana; Cunha, Marina; Espirito-Santo, HelenaIntroduction There are few studies in the international and national literature exploring the association between parental rearing styles, eating habits/behaviours and symptoms of Eating Disorders (ED). Objectives/aims To examine the associations between the dimensions of Parental Rearing Style Questionnaire for Adolescents (EMBU-A), the dimensions of a test assessing eating disorders symptoms (Eating Attitudes Test-25/EAT-25), Body Mass Index (BMI), items assessing eating habits/behaviors and sociodemographic family and health variables; to explore which are the predictors of symptoms of eating disorders and eating habits/behaviours. Methods 402 adolescents (girls: n =241, 60%) between 12 and 18 years old (M = 14,2, SD = 1,62) answered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the EMBU-A and the EAT-25. Results We found a negative association between Emotional Support (EMBU-A), all the EAT-25 dimensions and EAT-25 total score. There was, generally, a positive association between the Overprotection and Rejection dimensions (EMBU-A) and the same results of the EAT-25. Sports’ practice was associated with a higher mean score of Motivation for Thinness and the total score of the EAT-25. In the predictive analyses, Emotional Support showed to decrease the likelihood of adolescents manifesting ED symptoms and Rejection to increase that likelihood. Conclusions Emotional Support seems to be protective of ED symptoms and dysfunctional eating habits/behaviors appearance in adolescents, while Rejection appears to increase the risk of these two outcomes. These dimensions should be worked together with parents, eventually, by psicoeducational programs. At schools and health centers, programs can be implemented to improve eating habits/behaviors and help prevent ED development