The “Clinical Interview for Psychotic Disorders” (CIPD): development and expert evaluation
|Martins, Maria João
|Pereira, Ana Telma
|Background: New treatment approaches for psychosis indicate that effective interventions require a therapeutic focus on emotional regulation, cognitive appraisals, and functioning. Efficacy of psychotherapeutic interventions’ evaluation has changed from exclusively assessing symptom frequency/severity to a comprehensive and functional assessment of interference, functioning, and the relationship people have with symptoms. This shift led to new needs in clinical assessment. This study aimed to develop and submit to expert evaluation a new clinical interview for psychotic disorders which considers the new needs of the field. Methods: CIPD was developed by a multidisciplinary team considering the DSM-5 criteria for psychotic and affective disorders. Relevant information was retrieved from leading research in the area of assessment and evaluation of interventions in psychosis. An expert panel of recognized professionals in the main areas of mental health evaluated each question of the interview (5-point Likert scale) regarding pertinence and clarity. Results: A detailed description of CIPD is presented. Results from the experts’ evaluation showed that, overall, the CIPD questions were evaluated as pertinent and clear for the target population. Conclusion: CIPD assesses both diagnosis or presence of psychotic symptoms and symptoms’ psychosocial correlates. Psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy may benefit from CIPD since it may detect subtle changes caused by intervention and changes in areas other than symptom reduction.
|Martins, M.J., Carvalho, C., Castilho, P., Pereira, A.T., & Macedo, A. (2015). The Clinical Interview for Psychotic Disorders (CIPD): Development and expert evaluation. International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health, 2(7). doi: 10.21035/ijcnmh.2015.2.7
|Universidade do Porto
|The “Clinical Interview for Psychotic Disorders” (CIPD): development and expert evaluation